FAUNA There are just a few wild animals in the island. Rabbits, hares, "genetes" (civet cat), "furons" (weasels), and "eriçons" (hedgehogs), together with some species of rats and "ratolins" are almost the only mammals left.
Among the most common birds, all year long we can find "corbs" and some species of falcons. The sparrows and "paputs" (hoopoes) proliferate, and among the night birds, "mussols" (Eagle owls) and "olivasses" (owls) live in the island. The most frequent aquatic birds are the "corbs marins" (cormorants) and the "gavines" (seagulls).
Regarding the reptiles, there are a big quantity of "dragons" (salamanders) and endemic species of "sargantanes" (wall lizards).
Nevertheless, against the limited number of mammals of the island, there are a large quantity of migratory birds which can be admired all year long. The flock of pelicans is one of the most important colonies in the island. They stop in Ses Salines, specially in autumn, on their way from France to Africa. The Eleonor falcon builds its nest in the south-east coast in July and August before flying to Madagascar. Ibiza is one of the few places where you can gaze at this specie since it is reckoned there are only 4,400 exemplars left.
We also receive the visit of migratory birds such as "falcies" (swifts), "orenelles" (swallows), the "ropit" (robins) and "tord" (thrushs) and some Ardea cinerea.
FLORA The shortage of rain and superficial water is the reason why the Ibiza woods have a moderate extension. The most abundant specie is the pine, with an underbrush of mastic tree and rosemary. In the coastline, the savine survives and it constitute the raw material of the typical constructions in Ibiza.